• Energy & Power

Energy Savings Glossary

Coal:A solid fossil fuel found in the earth. Coal is burned to make .

Compact fluorescent lights (CFL) or Compact fluorecent bulbs (CFB): Lights that use a lot less energy than regular light bulbs. We can use compact fluorescent lights for reading lights and ceiling lights.

Energy: Energy is the ability to do work. Stored energy becomes working energy when we use it.

: A survey that shows how much energy you use in your house or apartment. It will help you find ways to use less energy.

Environment: All the natural and living things around us. The earth, air, weather, plants, and animals all make up our environment.

Fossil fuels: Fuels formed in the ground from the remains of dead . It takes millions of years to form fossil fuels. Oil, natural gas, and coal are fossil fuels.

Fuel: Any material that can be burned to make energy.

Natural gas: A fossil fuel found deep in the earth. Natural gas is often found with oil.

Nonrenewable fuels: Fuels that cannot be easily made or “renewed.” We can use up nonrenewable fuels. Oil, natural gas, and coal are nonrenewable fuels. Nuclear energy:Energy that comes from splitting atoms of radioactive materials, such as uranium, which leave behind radioactive wastes.

Oil:A liquid fuel found deep in the earth. and some plastics are made from oil.

Radioactive waste:Materials left over from making nuclear energy. Radioactive waste can harm people and the environment if it is not stored safely.

Recycling:Away to reuse materials instead of just throwing them away.

Recycle mark:A design of three arrows that make up a circle. This mark tells you that you can recycle the product. It can also mean that the material is made from .

Renewable fuels:Fuels that can be easily made or “renewed.” We can never use up renewable fuels. Types of renewable fuels are solar, wind, and hydropower energy.

Solar energy: Energy from the . The heat that builds up in your car when it is parked in the is an example of solar energy.